History of the Cincinnati Reds

At the time, they were called the Cincinnati Red Stockings.  Since their formation, they've been down and up, winning six big league names (one AA, five World Series) having a mean of about 22 years between each title.

The Reds may trace the source of the title back to baseball's first professional franchise, the original Cincinnati Red Stockings.  The Red Stockings were formed in 1866 as the first team fully surrounded of experts.  When the top players moved to Boston, they chose the title together.

In fact, the Cincinnati Reds as we know them now were the third group to play in Cincinnati as the Red Stockings.  A second Red Stockings group was a charter member of the NL but was expelled in 1880.  The next Cincinnati Red Stockings team played its first eight years at the American Association.  They combined the NL in 1890 (where they've been ever since) and changed their name simply to the Reds.

The Reds won their first NL pennant in 1919.  They were directed by hitting celebrities Edd Roush and Heinie Groh and they had a pitching staff which included Hod Eller and left-hander Harry "Slim" Sallee.  They defeated the Chicago White Sox from the now infamous 1919 World Series.

The excitement over the 1919 World Series was dulled to a degree when it was revealed that the White Sox had thrown the World Series at a gambling strategy.

It would be 20 years before the Reds would catch a different NL pennant and 21 years before they captured a second World Series.   It wouldn't be long before they were back, however, as the next year saw Cincinnati repeat as NL Champions and this time prevail from the World Series against the Detroit Tigers in seven games.
Back in 1953, Cincinnati embraced the nickname "Redlegs" to avoid any association with communism during the McCarthy era.  They remained the Redlegs until 1958 when they went back to being the Reds.

After winning the 1940 World Series, the Reds goes on their longest World Series drought in franchise history (35 years).  They appreciated regular season victory at the time frame and won several NL pennants, but bowed out to AL teams at the World Series each time.

The Cincinnati Reds best stretch came during the 70s when they were called "The Big Red Machine. " They started the 70s of on the ideal track by winning the NL pennant, but lost in five games to the Baltimore Orioles.  They suffered the next calendar year, enduring a losing record (the only period in the 70s that occurred ).

The Big Red Machine reloaded the next year (1972) by dealing several players.  They won the NL Pennant back, but lost to the Oakland Athletics in an intriguing seven-game series.

The years 1975 and 1976 were the most appropriate for the Big Red Machine.  Directed by players like catcher Johnny Bench and third baseman Pete Rose, they won back-to-back World Series.

The 1975 World Series was a memorable one because it featured the Boston Red Sox's Carlton Fisk's famous 12th inning shot which hit the foul pole which made a game .  In game , Cincinnati won an RBI single by second baseman Joe Morgan Back in 1976, they were much more dominant, sweeping both the Pittsburgh Pirates for the NL Championship and the New York Yankees for the World Series.

Back in 1990, under new manager Lou Piniella, the unheralded Reds amazed the major leagues by leading the NL from wire-to-wire.  They ended up sweeping the favorite Oakland Athletics in the World Series to give the franchise their fifth World Series.  They have not been back to the World Series since.

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